McAdams S et al, 2010: Pediatric extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy: Predicting successful outcomes.
McAdams S, Shukla AR.
Department of Urologic Surgery, University of Minnesota Medical Center and Amplatz Children's Hospital, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is currently a first-line procedure of most upper urinary tract stones <2 cm of size because of established success rates, its minimal invasiveness and long-term safety with minimal complications. Given that alternative surgical and endourological options exist for the management of stone disease and that ESWL failure often results in the need for repeat ESWL or secondary procedures, it is highly desirable to identify variables predicting successful outcomes of ESWL in the pediatric population. Despite numerous reports and growing experience, few prospective studies and guidelines for pediatric ESWL have been completed. Variation in the methods by which study parameters are measured and reported can make it difficult to compare individual studies or make definitive recommendations. There is ongoing work and a need for continuing improvement of imaging protocols in children with renal colic, with a current focus on minimizing exposure to ionizing radiation, perhaps utilizing advancements in ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging. This report provides a review of the current literature evaluating the patient attributes and stone factors that may be predictive of successful ESWL outcomes along with reviewing the role of pre-operative imaging and considerations for patient safety.
Indian J Urol. 2010 Oct;26(4):544-8. doi: 10.4103/0970-1591.74457
PMID: 21369388 [PubMed - in process] PMCID: PMC3034064