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Hussein A et al, 2014: The Role of Plain Radiography in Predicting Renal Stone Fragmentation by Shockwave Lithotripsy in the Era of Noncontrast Multidetector Computed Tomography

Hussein A, Anwar A, Abol-Nasr M, Ramadan E, Shaaban A
Department of Urology, Minia University , El-Minia, Egypt


Abstract

PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to determine if plain radiography has a role in prediction of stone fragmentation by shockwave lithotripsy (SWL).

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our study included 106 patients undergoing SWL for renal stones. Based on plain radiography criteria, stones were classified according to density, homogeneity, and outline. We compared the success of SWL in fragmentation of stones with a density equal to or less than bone, nonhomogeneous stones, and stones with irregular outline to its success in stones with a density more than bone, homogeneous stones, and stones with smooth outline.

RESULTS: In plain radiography, stone density equal to or less than bone, nonhomogeneous stones, and stones with irregular outline showed successful SWL fragmentation in 88.8%, 91.2%, and 90.6%, respectively. Stones with a density more than bone, homogeneous stones, and stones with smooth outline showed successful SWL fragmentation in 52.9%, 52.6%, and 57.1%, respectively. CT attenuation value was significantly less in stones successfully fragmented by SWL compared with nonfragmented stone (649±169 and 1465±256, respectively). In homogeneous stones with smooth outline having a density more than bone, we found a significantly lower CT attenuation in patients with successful stone fragmentation by SWL compared with those with failed stone fragmentation (690.9±171 and 1462±212, respectively).

CONCLUSION: In relatively large solitary renal pelvic stones, plain radiography can predict the success of stone fragmentation by SWL. Nonhomogeneous stones with irregular outline and a density equal to or less than bone are expected to be successfully fragmented by SWL. Noncontrast CT is only needed, to predict success of SWL, in cases of homogeneous stones with smooth outline and density more than bone.

J Endourol. 2014 Mar 31. [Epub ahead of print]
PMID:24568734[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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Comments 1

Peter Alken on Friday, 07 February 2014 14:06

Nice study in a time when the radiation exposure due the uncritical use of CT is debated and for those where KUB and IVU are still diagnostic standards.

Peter Alken

Nice study in a time when the radiation exposure due the uncritical use of CT is debated and for those where KUB and IVU are still diagnostic standards. Peter Alken
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