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Kyriakides R et al, 2017: Effect of Music on Outpatient Urological Procedures: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis from ESUT.

Kyriakides R, Jones P, Geraghty R, Skolarikos A, Liatsikos E, Traxer O, Pietropaolo A, Somani BK.
University of Southampton, University Hospital Southampton National Health Service Trust, Southampton, United Kingdom.
Department of Urology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens and 2nd Department of Urology, Sismanoglio Hospital, Athens, Greece.
Department of Urology, Patras University, Patra, Greece.
Tenon Hospital, Pierre and Marie Curie University and Group Recherche Clinique Lithiase No. 20, Paris, France.

Abstract

PURPOSE: Music is a practical, inexpensive and harmless analgesic and anxiolytic. An increasing number of original studies have been performed to investigate its potential application in urology. Our aim was to identify the effect of music on outpatient based urological procedures.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We systematically reviewed the effect of using music during all reported outpatient urology procedures, including transrectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsy, shock wave lithotripsy, urodynamic studies, percutaneous nephrostomy tube placement and cystoscopy. Data were included on all randomized trials from 1980 to 2017 and no language restrictions were applied. RESULTS: Included in analysis were 16 randomized studies in which 972 of 1,950 patients (49.8%) were exposed to music during an outpatient procedure. The procedures included transrectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsy in 4 studies in a total of 286 patients, shock wave lithotripsy in 6 studies in a total of 1023, cystoscopy in 3 studies in a total of 331, urodynamics in 2 studies in a total of 210 and percutaneous nephrostomy in 1 study in a total of 100. All studies incorporated a visual analog score to measure pain. Anxiety was measured by STAI (State-Trait anxiety Inventory) in 13 studies and by a visual analog scale in 2. While 14 of the 16 studies showed a reduction in self-reported pain, a reduction in anxiety was seen in 14. When using music, overall procedural satisfaction was better in 9 studies and patient willingness to repeat the procedure was also higher in 7. Our meta-analysis revealed a significant reduction in visual analog scale and STAI findings across all studies (p <0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our systematic review demonstrated a beneficial effect of music on urological outpatient procedures. Music seemed to decrease anxiety and pain. It might serve as a useful adjunct to increase procedural satisfaction and patient willingness to undergo the procedure again.

J Urol. 2017 Dec 7. pii: S0022-5347(17)78038-X. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2017.11.117. [Epub ahead of print]

 

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Comments 1

Peter Alken on Monday, 02 July 2018 08:06

In the six studies on ESWL 489 of 1023 patients were exposed to music. It helps to reduce analgesic consumption.

In the six studies on ESWL 489 of 1023 patients were exposed to music. It helps to reduce analgesic consumption.
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