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Massoud AM et al, 2015: The success of extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy based on the stone-attenuation value from non-contrast computed tomography.

Massoud AM, Abdelbary AM, Al-Dessoukey AA, Moussa AS, Zayed AS, Mahmmoud O.
Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Beni Suef University, Beni Suef, Egypt.
Theodor Bilharz Research Institute, Cairo, Egypt.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of the urinary stone-attenuation value (SAV, in Hounsfield units, HU) from non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) for predicting the success of extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL).
PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 305 patients with renal calculi of ≤30 mm and upper ureteric calculi of ≤20 mm. The SAV was measured using NCCT. Numerical variables were compared using a one-way analysis of variance with posthoc multiple two-group comparisons. Univariate and multivariate regression analysis models were used to test the preferential effect of the independent variable(s) on the success of ESWL.
RESULTS: Patients were grouped according to the SAV as group 1 (≤500 HU, 81 patients), group 2 (501-1000 HU, 141 patients) and group 3 (>1000 HU, 83 patients). ESWL was successful in 253 patients (83%). The rate of stone clearance was 100% in group 1, 95.7% (135/141) in group 2 and 44.6% (37/83) in group 3 (P = 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: The SAV value is an independent predictor of the success of ESWL and a useful tool for planning stone treatment. Patients with a SAV ≥956 HU are not ideal candidates for ESWL. The inclusion criteria for ESWL of stones with a SAV <500 HU can be expanded with regard to stone size, site, age, renal function and coagulation profile. In patients with a SAV of 500-1000 HU, factors like a body mass index of >30 kg/m(2) and a lower calyceal location make them less ideal for ESWL. 

Arab J Urol. 2014 Jun;12(2):155-61. doi: 10.1016/j.aju.2014.01.002. Epub 2014 Feb 16

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Comments 1

Peter Alken on Thursday, 10 September 2015 10:24

These correlations are well known.

These correlations are well known.
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