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Sarica K et al, 2017: Super-mini percutaneous nephrolithotomy for renal stone less than 25mm in pediatric patients: Could it be an alternative to shockwave lithotripsy?

Sarica K, Eryildirim B, Tuerxun A, Batuer A, Kavukoglu O, Buz A, Zeng G.
Lütfi Kirdar Training and Research Hospital Urology Clinic, Istanbul, Turquía.
The First People's Hospital of Kashgar Erea, Kashgar City, Xinjiang, China.
Department of Urology, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Urology, Minimally Invasive Surgery Center, the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Abstract

AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of 2 different techniques: shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) vs. super-mini percutaneous nephrolithotomy (SMP), in terms of success as well as complication rates in pediatric renal stones sizing<25mm.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 219 children (aging between 1-17 years) undergoing 2 different treatment modalities (SWL vs. SMP) for kidney stones<25mm were included. Depending on the type of the procedure applied, children were divided into 2 different groups: group 1 (n=108), children treated with SWL, and group 2 (n=111), children treated with SMP. All treatment related parameters (stone free rates, number of sessions, treatment duration, hospitalization, presence of the residual fragments, complications as well as the need for additional interventions) were noted and evaluated between 2 groups in a comparative manner.
RESULTS: Evaluation of our data have clearly demonstrated that the percentage of residual fragments after SWL was significantly higher when compared with SMP. Although SWL required several sessions under general anesthesia in a certain per cent of the cases (54.6%), SMP was successful in one session in all of the cases. Last but not least, in addition to the similar minor complication rates observed in both group of cases, no major complication observed in any case and no case in both groups again required blood transfusion after these 2 procedures with no significant drop rates in hemoglobin levels.
CONCLUSIONS: Although SWL is still the preferred treatment modality for the majority of kidney stones in children due to its safe and non-invasive nature, SMP modality may be applied as a valuable alternative in this specific patient population for its excellent stone free rates obtained in a single session and acceptable complication rates in the minimal invasive management of stones<25mm.

Actas Urol Esp. 2017 Dec 19. pii: S0210-4806(17)30224-3. doi: 10.1016/j.acuro.2017.08.005. [Epub ahead of print] English, Spanish

 

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Peter Alken on Friday, 27 April 2018 11:08

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