Heers H. et al., 2021: Urolithiasis in Germany: Trends from the National DRG Database.
Heers H, Stay D, Wiesmann T, Hofmann R.
Department of Urology and Paediatric Urology, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Marburg, Germany.
Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Marburg, Germany.
Introduction: Urolithiasis is a common disease leading to a high socioeconomic burden due to treatment costs and sickness leave. The aim of this study was to evaluate recent trends in the incidence of urolithiasis in Germany and in the use of therapeutic interventions.
Methods: Treatment data for all in-patient hospital episodes for urolithiasis between 2005 and 2016 were extracted from the national DRG statistics at DESTATIS and analysed with regard to the corresponding procedures according to the OPS code.
Results: Incidence for urolithiasis was stable at around 120,000 cases per year during the observation period with a male:female ratio of 2:1. Rising numbers were noted for patients >80 years. Nevertheless, the number of coded procedures rose significantly with a marked disproportionate transition from extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy towards ureterorenoscopy. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy was performed more frequently on a smaller scale.
Discussion/conclusion: While the global incidence of urolithiasis is still rising, Germany, as other Western countries, has reached a plateau. There is a remarkable trend towards invasive treatment of even asymptomatic kidney stones. Besides the effects on individual patients with increased risk for complications, this results in a higher monetary burden to the health care system and society.
Urol Int. 2021 Dec 9:1-7. doi: 10.1159/000520372. Online ahead of print. PMID: 34883491
N20 Calculus of kidney and ureter
N21 Calculus of lower urinary tract
N22 Calculus of urinary tract in diseases classified elsewhere
N23 Unspecified renal colic