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Ji MH et al., 2023: Effect of adjunctive drug therapy on early expulsion of distal ureteral calculi after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy

Deparment of Urology Surgery, Civil Aviation General Hospital, Beijing 100123, China.
Department of Dermatology, Beijing Ningshe Medical Beauty Clinic, Beijing 100027, China.

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of ketochromate tromethamine and phloroglucinol combination therapy in early expulsion of ureteral calculi after extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) in patients with distal ureteral clculi. The clinical and follow-up data of 275 patients with lower ureteral calculi who underwent ESWL were collected retrospectively in Civil Aviation General Hospital from January 1st 2021 to June 30th 2021. According to whether adjunctive medication used before ESWL patients were divided into control group and medication group (with ketochromate tromethamine 30 mg and phloroglucinol 80 mg before ESWL). Primary endpoint is the clearance rate of ureteral calculi after ESWL, secondary endpoint are the other outcomes and drug allergy. There were 138 cases in control group [117 were males and mean age (42±13) years]. Meanwhile, there were 137 cases in medication group [118 were males and mean age (42±12) years]. The clearance rate of ureteral calculi at 24 h (67.88% vs 48.55%, P=0.001)、one week (76.64% vs 57.97%, P=0.001) and four weeks (89.05% vs 76.08%, P=0.005)after ESWL in medication group were significant higher than that in control group. There was a significant difference in the VAS score of pain scale after ESWL (1.77±0.80 vs 2.06±1.04, P=0.012) and re-ESWL rate (8.03% vs 17.39%,P=0.02) between two groups, but no difference with gross hematuria in 6 h after ESWL and drug allergy. Conclusions combination use of ketochromate tromethamine and phloroglucinol significantly improve early expulsion of ureteral calculi after ESWL in patients with distal ureteral calculi, with no side effect.

2023 Mar 28;103(12):924-926. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.cn112137-20221201-02545.PMID: 36973221 Chinese.

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Monday, 20 May 2024