Karatzas A et al, 2011: Feasibility and efficacy of extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy using a new modified lateral position for the treatment of renal stones in obese patients
Karatzas A, Gravas S, Tzortzis V, Aravantinos E, Zachos I, Kalogeras N, Melekos M
Department of Urology, University of Thessaly School of Medicine, Mezourlo, 41110, Larissa, Greece
The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ESWL using a modified lateral position in obese patients with renal stones. Nineteen obese patients with renal stones were enrolled (group A). The mean stone diameter was 1.3 cm (0.7-1.9 cm). The mean BMI was 35.1 kg/m² (31-41 kg/m²). Patients were placed in the lateral position, with the energy source facing their body posteriorly and the site where the stone was located in direct contact with the water cushion. Success rate (defined as the percentage of patients who were stone-free or with insignificant fragments after 3 months), mean number of ESWL sessions, mean duration of ESWL session and complications were recorded. The results were compared with those of 17 obese patients (Group B) with similar baseline characteristics treated in the standard supine position. All ESWLs were performed using the Dornier lithotripter SII. Both success rate (68.4 vs. 64.7% for groups A and B, respectively) and mean number of sessions (2.2 vs. 2.6) did not differ significantly between the two groups (p = 0.5). Interestingly, the time required to complete ESWL was significantly shorter for group A patients (56 min) compared to group B (73 min) (p = 0.001). No severe complications (including hematoma, pyelonephritis) were recorded. Our data indicate that ESWL in the modified lateral position for renal calculi in obese patients seems to be feasible and safe. In addition, it is faster than in the supine position since it overcomes technical difficulties. Further studies with a large number of patients are required to support our findings.
Urol Res. 2012 Aug;40(4):355-9. doi: 10.1007/s00240-011-0416-4. Epub 2011 Aug 17
PMID: 21847555 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
The authors turn a handling problem with their lithotripter into an advantage: Frequent collisions of the water cushion with the operating table in obese patients required frequent patient repositioning and caused prolonged treatment times.
This problem disappeared when they put the patients in a lateral position on the lithotripsy table.
Compared to a group of standard treatments, treatment time was significantly shortened and the treatment results were identical. According to the authors the changed position reduces the skin-to-stone distance (Fig 2 of the publication).
This should reduce the number of shots and the energy necessary for complete stone disintegration. But they could not show this effect as they used the same treatment characteristics in both groups.
The authors believe that their positioning technique can be used in other electromagnetic lithotripters. The concept is worth to be evaluated by others.