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Nedjim SA. et al., 2024: Place of urolithiasis in the spectrum of urological pathologies, practices and use of endourological procedures in the management of calculi of the upper urinary tract: results of a survey of referral centres in Africa.

Nedjim SA, Biyouma MDC, Kifle AT, Ziba OJD, Mahamat MA, Idowu NA, Mbwambo OJ, Cassel A, Douglas A, Kalli M, Gebreselassie KH, Khalid A, Wadjiri MM, Hoby R, Muhawenimana E, Marebo TS, Ngwa-Ebogo TT, Salissou M, Adoumadji K, Nzeyimana I, Odzèbe AWS, Barry MI, Rimtebaye K, Choua O, Niang L, Honoré B, Samnakay S, Bowa K, Lazarus J, Coulibaly N, Ndoye AK, Makon ASN, Aboutaieb R.
Modern Urology For Africa*, Casablanca, Morocco. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Ibn Rochd, Casablanca, Morocco. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..
Modern Urology For Africa*, Casablanca, Morocco.
Hôpital Laquintinie, Douala, Cameroon.
PCEA Chogoria Hospital, Chogoria, Kenya.
Centre Hospitalier National Yalgado Ouedraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
Hôpital Général de Référence Nationale, Ndjamena, Chad.
Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, Nigeria.
Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Moshi, Tanzania.
John F. Kennedy Medical Center, Monrovia, Liberia.
University of Cape Coast College of Health and Allied Sciences, Cape Coast, Ghana.
Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Usmanu Danfodiyo University College of Health Sciences, Sokoto, Nigeria.
Centre National Hospitalier Et Universitaire Hubert Koutoukou MAGA, Cotonou, Benin.
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire d'Antananarivo, Anatananarivo, Madagascar.
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Kigali, Kigali, Rwanda.
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Kamenge, Bujumbura, Burundi.
Bamenda Regional Hospital, Bamenda, Cameroon.
Hôpital Amirou Boubacar Diallo, Niamey, Niger.
Hôpital La Rénaisssance, N'djamena, Chad.
Centre Hospitalier Et Universitaire de Brazzaville, Brazzaville, Congo.
Hôpital National Ignace Deen, Conakry, Equatorial Guinea.
Hôpital Général Idrissa Pouye, Dakar, Senegal.
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire du Point G, Bamako, Mali.
Aga Khan University Hospital Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.
Levy Mwanawasa University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia.
Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa.
University Hospital Medical Center at Treichville, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
Hôpital Aristide Le Dantec, Dakar, Senegal.
University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon.
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Ibn Rochd, Casablanca, Morocco.

Abstract

Our aim was to determine the current trend of endourology in the management of upper urinary tract calculi in Africa reference centres. We conducted an online multiple-choice questionnaire survey involving 46 centres from 27 countries using a structured well-designed Google Form (®) questionnaire. The questionnaires were distributed to the head of service through their emails. The questions collected demographic data about the centre, the epidemiology of urolithiasis, diagnostic means and management of upper urolithiasis, especially access to endourology procedures and their practices. Descriptive analyses were performed. The participation rate was 77.9%. Urinary lithiasis was one of the three main pathologies encountered in 42/46 centres. 33 centres had easy access to CT scanners and 34 had operating theatres equipped with endo-urological surgery equipment. Of these 34 centres, 30 perform endourology for the management of upper urinary tract stones. Rigid ureteroscopy is the main technique used by the centres. It is the only endourology technique used for stone management by 12 centres (40%). 7/30 (23.3%) have the option of performing rigid ureteroscopy, flexible ureteroscopy and percutaneous nephrolithotomy. The frequency of procedures varies widely, with 43.3% rarely performing endourological surgery. Seventeen centres have their operating theatre equipped with a fluoroscope and 6/42 centres have extracorporeal lithotripsy. Open surgery is still used in 29/42 centres (69.1%). Laparoscopy is available in 50% of centres, but none reported performing laparoscopic lithotomy. In Africa, urinary lithiasis plays an important role in the activities of referral centres. Modern management techniques are used to varying degrees (not all centres have them) and with very variable frequency. Open surgery is still widely performed as a management. Rigid ureteroscopy is the main endourological technique. It is essential to develop the practice of modern urology in Africa, mainly endourology.

Urolithiasis. 2024 Jan 12;52(1):26. doi: 10.1007/s00240-023-01519-2. PMID: 38216696

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Comments 1

Hans-Göran Tiselius on Thursday, 20 June 2024 11:00

This report shows the result of a questionnaire sent out to 46 centers in 27 countries in Afrika. 78% of the centers responded.
The most interesting findings were as follows:

https://www.storzmedical.com/images/blog/Nedjim.png

The results clearly show that economic shortcomings strongly determine the treatment modalities and that in case of endoscopy, rigid instrument5s were most common.
Hans-Göran Tiselius

This report shows the result of a questionnaire sent out to 46 centers in 27 countries in Afrika. 78% of the centers responded. The most interesting findings were as follows:  [img]https://www.storzmedical.com/images/blog/Nedjim.png[/img] The results clearly show that economic shortcomings strongly determine the treatment modalities and that in case of endoscopy, rigid instrument5s were most common. Hans-Göran Tiselius
Saturday, 13 July 2024