Ogura T et al, 2016: A review of treatment options for bile duct stones.
Ogura T, Higuchi K.
2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka Medical College, Osaka, Japan.
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 10-15% of bile duct stones cannot be treated using conventional stone removal techniques. For difficult common bile duct stones (CBDS), various endoscopic techniques have been developed. This review covers technical tips and endoscopic treatments including Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), particularly under Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) guidance. AREAS COVERED: Literatures about endoscopic treatment for bile duct stone were searched in Pub Med. As novel methods, EUS-guided approaches have also been reported, although long-term results and prospective evaluation are not yet sufficient. Large stones may need fragmentation prior to removal, to prevent stone impaction. To perform fragmentation, mechanical lithotripsy, extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy or laser lithotripsy techniques are available. Expert commentary: Despite the fact that most bile duct stones can be treated using endoscopic techniques, endoscopists should remind to be able to select the temporary biliary stenting or percutaneous transhepatic cholangiodrainage as an option.
Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2016 Aug 8:1-8. [Epub ahead of print]
Just as in Urology for ureteral stones endoscopic removal is more effective than ESWL for the treatment of bile duct stones in Gastroenterology.