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Pauchard F. et al., 2023: Patient's preferences: an unmet need by current urolithiasis guidelines: a systematic review.

Pauchard F, Ventimiglia E, Traxer O.
Urology Department, Hospital Naval Almirante Nef, Viña del Mar, Chile.
Progressive Endourological Association for Research and Leading Solutions (PEARLS), Paris, France.
Division of Experimental Oncology/Unit of Urology, URI, IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele, Milan, Italy.
Progressive Endourological Association for Research and Leading Solutions (PEARLS), Paris, France.
GRC n820, Groupe de Recherche Clinique sur la Lithiase Urinaire, Hôpital Tenon, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France.
Service d'Urologie, Assistance-Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Tenon, Sorbonne Université, 4 rue de la Chine, 75020, Paris, France.

Abstract

Introduction: Shared decision making (SDM) in surgical specialties was demonstrated to diminish decisional regret, decisional anxiety and decisional conflict. Urolithiasis guidelines do not explicit patient preference to choose treatment. The aim of this review article was to perform a systematic evaluation of published evidence regarding SDM in urinary stone treatment.

Methods: A systematic review in accordance PRISMA checklist was conducted using the MEDLINE (PubMed) database. Inclusion criteria were studies that evaluated stone treatment preferences. Reviews, editorials, case reports and video abstracts were excluded. ROBUST checklist was used to assess quality of the studies.

Results: 188 articles were obtained. After applying the predefined selection criteria, seven articles were included for final analysis. Six out of seven studies were questionnaires that propose clinical scenarios and treatment alternatives. The last study was a patient preference trial. A general trend among included studies showed a patient preference towards the least invasive option (SWL over URS). The main reasons to choose one treatment over the other were stone-free rates, risk of complications and invasiveness.

Discussion: This review provides an overview of the patients' preferences towards stone treatment in small- and medium-sized stones. There was a clear preference towards the least invasive management strategy. The main reason was less invasiveness. This is opposed to the global trends of performing more ureteroscopies and less SWL. Physicians played a pivotal role in counselling patients. SDM should be encouraged and improved. The main limitation of this study is the characteristics of the included studies

World J Urol. 2023 Dec;41(12):3807-3815. doi: 10.1007/s00345-023-04678-4. Epub 2023 Nov 4. PMID: 37924335

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Comments 1

Peter Alken on Thursday, 25 April 2024 11:00

REVIEWERS CHOICE
“There is an incongruency between patients’ preferences (SWL) and treatment modalities performed worldwide (URS over SWL)” and “The main limitation of this study is the characteristics of the included studies.” The last sentence of the paper is secretly known to all urologists, and the last sentence in the abstract is unfortunately a very common remark in the summary of review papers.

Peter Alken

REVIEWERS CHOICE “There is an incongruency between patients’ preferences (SWL) and treatment modalities performed worldwide (URS over SWL)” and “The main limitation of this study is the characteristics of the included studies.” The last sentence of the paper is secretly known to all urologists, and the last sentence in the abstract is unfortunately a very common remark in the summary of review papers. Peter Alken
Monday, 20 May 2024