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Tu B. et al., 2021: Correlative investigation between routine clinical parameters of dual-energy computed tomography and the outcomes of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy in children with urolithiasis: a retrospective study.

Tu B, Jia J, Yu L, Li H, Wang D.
Department of Radiology, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 1665 Kongjiang Road, Yangpu District, Shanghai, 200092, China.
Department of Pediatric Urology, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200092, China.
Department of Radiology, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 1665 Kongjiang Road, Yangpu District, Shanghai, 200092, China.

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the associations of DECT parameters with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) outcomes in pediatric patients.
Methods: A retrospective study of consecutive patients with calculi who underwent ESWL and DECT in our hospital was performed in 2011-2019. The primary outcome was DECT imaging's correlation with ESWL outcomes. The secondary outcome was to determine DECT parameters independently predicting ESWL outcomes, including stone-free (SF) and residual stone (RS) statuses.
Results: The study included 207 patients. The mean CT attenuations at 140 kVp, 80 kVp, and 120 kVp and effective atomic number (Zeff) were significantly correlated with stone free (SF) and residual stone (RS) (P < 0.05). Areas under the curves (AUCs) of CT attenuations at 120 kVp, 80 kVp, 140 kVp, and dual-energy index (DEI) were 0.784 (95% CI 0.672-0.897), 0.780 (95% CI 0.677-0.884), 0.766 (95% CI 0.658-0.885), and 0.709 (95% CI 0.578-0.840) (all P < 0.05). With cutoffs of 882.5, 1330.5, 1042.5, and 0.103 for CT attenuations at 140 kVp, 80 kVp, 120 kVp, and DEI, respectively, sensitivities and specificities were 75.0% and 31.1%, 83.3% and 31.8%, 80.3% and 31.1%, and 58.3% and 44.7%, respectively.
Conclusion: Our results demonstrated that the parameters of DECT could be used to predict ESWL outcomes (especially the SF status) in children with urolithiasis. ESWL success can be accurately predicted by DECT, and it is hard to predict ESWL failure.
Abdom Radiol (NY). 2021 Jun 10. doi: 10.1007/s00261-021-03162-0. Online ahead of print. PMID: 34114086

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Comments 1

Peter Alken on Monday, 06 December 2021 09:30

It is well known that DECT can help to determine in situ stone analysis especially to differentiate between uric acid stones and non-uric acid stones. The predictive power of the different DECT parameters to predict SFR is not impressive.
Peter Alken

It is well known that DECT can help to determine in situ stone analysis especially to differentiate between uric acid stones and non-uric acid stones. The predictive power of the different DECT parameters to predict SFR is not impressive. Peter Alken
Monday, 20 May 2024