Roug S. et al., 2022: Short- and Long-Term Outcomes After Multimodal Treatment of Pancreatic Duct Leakage in Patients With Chronic Pancreatitis
From the Pancreatitis Centre East, Gastrounit, Copenhagen University Hospital.
Objectives: In patients with chronic pancreatitis, pancreatic duct leakage is associated with a prolonged disease course and serious complications. We aimed to assess the efficacy of this multimodal treatment of pancreatic duct leakage.
Methods: In a retrospective design, patients with chronic pancreatitis, an amylase content greater than 200 U/L in either ascites or pleural fluid and treated between 2011 and 2020, were evaluated. The primary end point was treatment success.
Results: Twenty-seven patients (22 males, median age 60, median American Society of Anesthesiologists score 3) were included.Endoscopic retrograde pancreatography was performed in 23 patients (85%) with transpapillary stenting of the main pancreatic duct in 22 patients (96%). Pancreatic sphincterotomy and dilation of the main pancreatic duct were done in 14 patients (61%) and 17 patients (74%), respectively. Twelve patients (44%) were treated with somatostatin analogs, parenteral nutrition, and were "nil by mouth" for a median of 11 days (range, 4-34 days). Six patients (22%) had extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy due to pancreatic duct stones. One patient (4%) was referred for surgery. All 23 patients (100%) were treated with success after a median of 21 days (range, 5-80 days).
Conclusions: Multimodal treatment of pancreatic duct leakage is effective, with minimal need for surgery.
Pancreas. 2022 Nov-Dec;51(10):1315-1319. doi: 10.1097/MPA.0000000000002196.